mod_rest

Introduction

This is yet another RESTful API for sending and receiving stanzas via Prosody. It can be used to build bots and components implemented as HTTP services.

Usage

On VirtualHosts

VirtualHost "example.com"
modules_enabled = {"rest"}

As a Component

Component "rest.example.net" "rest"
component_secret = "dmVyeSBzZWNyZXQgdG9rZW4K"
modules_enabled = {"http_oauth2"}

OAuth2

mod_http_oauth2 can be used to grant bearer tokens which are accepted by mod_rest.

Sending stanzas

The API endpoint becomes available at the path /rest, so the full URL will be something like https://your-prosody.example:5281/rest.

To try it, simply curl an XML stanza payload:

curl https://prosody.example:5281/rest \
    --user username \
    -H 'Content-Type: application/xmpp+xml' \
    --data-binary '<message type="chat" to="user@example.org">
            <body>Hello!</body>
        </body>'

or a JSON payload:

curl https://prosody.example:5281/rest \
    --oauth2-bearer dmVyeSBzZWNyZXQgdG9rZW4K \
    -H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
    --data-binary '{
           "body" : "Hello!",
           "kind" : "message",
           "to" : "user@example.org",
           "type" : "chat"
        }'

The Content-Type header is important!

Replies

A POST containing an <iq> stanza automatically wait for the reply, long-polling style.

curl https://prosody.example:5281/rest \
    --oauth2-bearer dmVyeSBzZWNyZXQgdG9rZW4K \
    -H 'Content-Type: application/xmpp+xml' \
    --data-binary '<iq type="get" to="example.net">
            <ping xmlns="urn:xmpp:ping"/>
        </iq>'

Replies to other kinds of stanzas that are generated by the same Prosody instance MAY be returned in the HTTP response. Replies from other entities (connected clients or remote servers) will not be returned, but can be forwarded via the callback API described in the next section.

Receiving stanzas

TL;DR: Set this webhook callback URL, get XML POST-ed there.

Component "rest.example.net" "rest"
rest_callback_url = "http://my-api.example:9999/stanzas"

To enable JSON payloads set

rest_callback_content_type = "application/json"

Example callback looks like:

POST /stanzas HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/xmpp+xml
Content-Length: 102

<message to="bot@rest.example.net" from="user@example.com" type="chat">
<body>Hello</body>
</message>

or as JSON:

POST /stanzas HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 133

{
   "body" : "Hello",
   "from" : "user@example.com",
   "kind" : "message",
   "to" : "bot@rest.example.net",
   "type" : "chat"
}

Replying

To accept the stanza without returning a reply, respond with HTTP status code 202 or 204.

HTTP status codes in the 4xx and 5xx range are mapped to an appropriate stanza error.

For full control over the response, set the Content-Type header to application/xmpp+xml and return an XMPP stanza as an XML snippet.

HTTP/1.1 200 Ok
Content-Type: application/xmpp+xml

<message type="chat">
<body>Yes, this is bot</body>
</message>

Payload format

JSON

{
   "body" : "Hello!",
   "kind" : "message",
   "type" : "chat"
}

Further JSON object keys as follows:

Messages
kind
"message"
type
Commonly "chat" for 1-to-1 messages and "groupchat" for group chat messages. Others include "normal", "headline" and "error".
body
Human-readable message text.
subject
Message subject or MUC topic.
html
HTML.
oob_url
URL of an out-of-band resource, often used for images.
Presence
kind
"presence"
type
Empty for online or "unavailable" for offline.
show
Online status, away, dnd etc.
status
Human-readable status message.
join
Boolean. Join a group chat.
Info-Queries

Only one type of payload can be included in an iq.

kind
"iq"
type
"get" or "set" for queries, "response" or "error" for replies.
ping
Send a ping. Get a pong. Maybe.
disco
Retrieve service discovery information about an entity.
items
Discover list of items (other services, groupchats etc).

XML

<message type="" id="" to="" from="" xml:lang="">
...
</message>

An XML declaration (<?xml?>) MUST NOT be included.

The payload MUST contain one (1) message, presence or iq stanza.

The stanzas MUST NOT have an xmlns attribute, and the default/empty namespace is treated as jabber:client.

Examples

Python / Flask

Simple echo bot that responds to messages as XML:

from flask import Flask, Response, request
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET

app = Flask("echobot")


@app.before_request
def parse():
    request.stanza = ET.fromstring(request.data)


@app.route("/", methods=["POST"])
def hello():
    if request.stanza.tag == "message":
        return Response(
            "<message><body>Yes this is bot</body></message>",
            content_type="application/xmpp+xml",
        )

    return Response(status=501)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run()

And a JSON variant:

from flask import Flask, Response, request, jsonify

app = Flask("echobot")


@app.route("/", methods=["POST"])
def hello():
    print(request.data)
    if request.is_json:
        data = request.get_json()
        if data["kind"] == "message":
            return jsonify({"body": "hello"})

    return Response(status=501)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run()

Remember to set rest_callback_content_type = "application/json" for this to work.

JSON mapping

This section describes the JSON mapping. It can’t represent any possible stanza, for full flexibility use the XML mode.

Stanza basics

kind
String representing the kind of stanza, one of "message", "presence" or "iq".
type
String with the type of stanza, appropriate values vary depending on kind, see RFC 6121. E.g."chat" for message stanzas etc.
to
String containing the XMPP Address of the destination / recipient of the stanza.
from
String containing the XMPP Address of the sender the stanza.
id
String with a reasonably unique identifier for the stanza.

Basic Payloads

Messages

body
String, human readable text message.
subject
String, human readable summary equivalent to an email subject or the chat room topic in a type:groupchat message.

Presence

show
String representing availability, e.g. "away", "dnd". No value means a normal online status. See RFC 6121 for the full list.
status
String with a human readable text message describing availability.

More payloads

Messages

state
String with current chat state, e.g. "active" (default) and "composing" (typing).
html
String with HTML allowing rich formating. MUST be contained in a <body> element.
oob_url
String with an URL of an external resource.

Presence

join
Boolean, used to join group chats.

IQ

ping
Boolean, a simple ping query. “Pongs” have only basic fields presents.
version
Map with name, version fields, and optionally an os field, to describe the software.
Service Discovery
disco

Boolean true in a kind:iq type:get for a service discovery query.

Responses have a map containing an array of available features in the features key and an array of “identities” in the identities key. Each identity has a category and type field as well as an optional name field. See XEP-0030 for further details.

items
Boolean true in a kind:iq type:get for a service discovery items list query. The response contain an array of items like {"jid":"xmpp.address.here","name":"Description of item"}.
extensions
Map of extended feature discovery (see XEP-0128) data with FORM_DATA fields as the keys pointing at maps with the rest of the data.
Ad-Hoc Commands

Used to execute arbitrary commands on supporting entities.

command

String representing the command node or Map with the following possible fields:

node
Required string with node from disco#items query for the command to execute.
action
Optional enum string defaulting to "execute". Multi-step commands may involve "next", "prev", "complete" or "cancel".
actions
Set (map of strings to true) with available actions to proceed with in multi-step commands.
status
String describing the status of the command, normally "executing".
sessionid
Random session ID issued by the responder to identify the session in multi-step commands.
note
Map with "type" and "text" fields that carry simple result information.
form
Data form with description of expected input and data types in the next step of multi-step commands. TODO document format.
data
Map with only the data for result dataforms. Fields may be stings or arrays of strings.
Example

Discovering commands:

{
   "items" : {
      "node" : "http://jabber.org/protocol/commands"
   },
   "id" : "8iN9hwdAAcfTBchm",
   "kind" : "iq",
   "to" : "example.com",
   "type" : "get"
}

Response:

{
   "from" : "example.com",
   "id" : "8iN9hwdAAcfTBchm",
   "items" : [
      {
         "jid" : "example.com",
         "name" : "Get uptime",
         "node" : "uptime"
      }
   ],
   "kind" : "iq",
   "type" : "result"
}

Execute the command:

{
   "command" : {
      "node" : "uptime"
   },
   "id" : "Jv-87nRaP6Mnrp8l",
   "kind" : "iq",
   "to" : "example.com",
   "type" : "set"
}

Executed:

{
   "command" : {
      "node" : "uptime",
      "note" : {
         "text" : "This server has been running for 0 days, 20 hours and 54 minutes (since Fri Feb  7 18:05:30 2020)",
         "type" : "info"
      },
      "sessionid" : "6380880a-93e9-4f13-8ee2-171927a40e67",
      "status" : "completed"
   },
   "from" : "example.com",
   "id" : "Jv-87nRaP6Mnrp8l",
   "kind" : "iq",
   "type" : "result"
}

Compatibility

Requires Prosody trunk / 0.12