This module enables Prosody to authenticate time-based one-time-pin (TOTP) HMAC tokens.

This is an alternative to “external authentication” which avoids the need to make a blocking HTTP call to the external authentication service (usually a web application backend).

Instead, the application generates the HMAC token, which is then sent to Prosody via the XMPP client and Prosody verifies the authenticity of this token.

If the token is verified, then the user is authenticated.

Luarocks dependencies

You’ll need to install the following luarocks

otp 0.1-5 luatz 0.3-1

How to generate the TOTP seed and shared signing secret

You’ll need a shared OTP_SEED value for generating time-based one-time-pin (TOTP) values and a shared private key for signing the HMAC token.

You can generate the OTP_SEED value with Python, like so:

>>> import pyotp
>>> pyotp.random_base32()

and the shared secret key as follows:

>>> import pyotp
>>> pyotp.random_base32(length=32)


Firest you need to enable the relevant modules to your Prosody.cfg file.

Look for the line modules_enabled (either globally or for your particular VirtualHost), and then add the following to tokens:

modules_enabled = {
    -- Token authentication

The previously generated token values also need to go into your Prosody.cfg file:

authentication = "token";
token_secret = "JYXEX4IQOEYFYQ2S3MC5P4ZT4SDHYEA7";
otp_seed = "XVGR73KMZH2M4XMY";

The application that generates the tokens also needs access to these values.

For an example on how to generate a token, take a look at the generate_token function in the test_token_auth.lua file inside this directory.

Custom SASL auth

This module depends on a custom SASL auth mechanism called X-TOKEN and which is provided by the file mod_sasl_token.lua.

Prosody doesn’t automatically pick up this file, so you’ll need to update your configuration file’s plugin_paths to link to this subdirectory (for example to /usr/lib/prosody-modules/mod_auth_token/).

Generating the token

Here’s a Python snippet showing how you can generate the token that Prosody will then verify:

import base64
import pyotp
import random

# Constants

jid = '{}@{}'.format(username, domain)

otp_service = pyotp.TOTP(
    OTP_SEED,  # OTP_SEED must be set to the value generated previously (see above)
otp = otp_service.generate_otp(otp_service.timecode(datetime.utcnow()))

nonce = ''.join([str(random.randint(0, 9)) for i in range(32)])
string_to_sign = otp + nonce + jid
signature =, string_to_sign, hashlib.sha256).digest()
token = u"{} {}".format(otp+nonce, base64.b64encode(signature))


With the plugin installer in Prosody 0.12 you can use:

sudo prosodyctl install --server= mod_auth_token

For earlier versions see the documentation for installing 3rd party modules